Masonry structures, such as the ancient stone constructions, were once a part of the society for which they are still very much revered and held in high esteem. The primary purpose of masonry buildings was for the sole purpose of sheltering people from the outside elements of the climate; the secondary role was more aesthetic in nature, which includes decorative aspects. The ancient masonry buildings include those that are found in the historical ruins of Rome, Greece, Egypt, and other countries. The modern masonry structures are the modern wonders that can be seen all over the world.
Masonry structures, such as the ancient stone constructions, were built with the use of several types of mortar systems. The basic types of mortar joints used in masonry structures are the exposed mortared joints where the surface is not flatly secured, but embedded in a concrete shell; these have higher strengths and durability than do their flat counterparts. The core joints, which are exposed on one side, have a lower strength rating than do the in-the-field joints, but possess a higher degree of toughness than the exposed or core joints. The in-field joints are stitched in place after the mortar has been placed, while the core and exposed or hidden joints are permanently fixed.
Most masonry structures, including houses, buildings, and monuments, are comprised of reinforced concrete blocks laid in a mortar mixture. Masonry structures may also contain stone bricks of varying sizes and thicknesses, depending on the needs of the owner. The use of different-sized and different-thickness stones is common in masonry construction. The basic materials used in the construction of masonry buildings include sand (coarse), crushed rock (fine-grained), mortar (meso/mortared, fine-grained, coarse-ground), pieces of concrete, fine-grade rock (porous) and various forms of gypsum (calcium carbonate).
Most masonry buildings are built with a block system. The term “block” refers to the individual bricks or stones that make up the structure design and development. The term “masonry” refers to the mortar joints used to assemble the blocks together into a completed building. The composition of the material is what determines its strength and durability. As mentioned earlier, the use of different-sized and different-colored stones is typical in masonry structures.
Masonry structures may be comprised of one level and two levels, or they may include multi-level units. Units may be free-standing and attached to another unit, or they may be part of a series and connected to each other. Masonry can be comprised of masonry bricks of different sizes, with varying depths and colors. The use of colored glass in masonry is becoming more widespread. The bricks or stones are placed in place using natural or synthetic mortar.
The uses of masonry are so extensive that there are several different kinds of masonry: commercial buildings such as apartment complexes and condominiums, residential buildings such as townhouses and row homes, governmental structures like public offices and courthouses, and even museums and historic landmarks such as old churches and monuments. Architectural designers often use masonry forms to design entrances to commercial buildings. In the case of museums, the architect would usually model the exterior of the building first, then build the interior through the use of masonry forms. In some cases, the museum’s technical staff will be able to provide you with information on the various types of masonry that a museum may have in its collection. In a townhouse or a condominium building, architectural designers will often use masonry forms for staircases and other interior designs.
One of the advantages of masonry construction is the fact that the mortar used is very strong. This means that the building will have more strength-to-weight ratio than other types of building construction. Also, because masonry is a cement-based construction material, the mortar itself is recyclable. The technical notes about the application of mortar state that the grout should be made from materials that are biodegradable.
There are a lot of benefits to having masonry design standard buildings in your community. For one, it adds an extra layer of safety for your family. The structures will also last longer than most other kinds of building. The technical notes about the application of the material contained in the building code requirements should include information on the kinds of masonry available for the structures. You might find that brick is the perfect choice for your home, or you might want to opt for stone or ceramic tile.